Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements are a means of sharing information, and assessing and managing risk, between the police, prison and probation services. Social services and NHS Trusts, amongst others, must co-operate with these bodies so far as is compatible with their own functions.
Extract from MAPPA website
Introduction from MAPPA website: "MAPPA stands for Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements. It is the process through which the Police, Probation and Prison Services work together with other agencies to manage the risks posed by violent and sexual offenders living in the community in order to protect the public. MAPPA is not a statutory body in itself but is a mechanism through which agencies can better discharge their statutory responsibilities and protect the public in a co-ordinated manner. Agencies at all times retain their full statutory responsibilities and obligations."
Extract from guidance
The purpose of MAPPA is to help to reduce the re-offending behaviour of sexual and violent offenders in order to protect the public, including previous victims, from serious harm. It aims to do this by ensuring that all relevant agencies work together effectively to:
- Identify all relevant offenders;
- Complete comprehensive risk assessments that take advantage of coordinated information sharing across the agencies;
- Devise, implement and review robust Risk Management Plans; and
- Focus the available resources in a way which best protects the public from serious harm
Categories and levels
There are three categories of offender:
- Registered sexual offenders.
- Violent and other sexual offenders.
- Other dangerous offenders.
There are three levels of MAPPA management:
- Ordinary agency management (for psychiatric patients this means the Care Programme Approach).
- Active multi-agency management.
- Active enhanced multi-agency management.
Mental Health Tribunal
The Practice Direction on Reports requires social circumstances reports to contain certain information in relation to MAPPA. For in-patients this is:
(r) whether the patient is known to any MAPPA meeting or agency and, if so, in which area, for what reason, and at what level - together with the name of the Chair of any MAPPA meeting concerned with the patient, and the name of the representative of the lead agency;
(s) in the event that a MAPPA meeting or agency wishes to put forward evidence of its views in relation to the level and management of risk, a summary of those views (or an Executive Summary may be attached to the report); and where relevant, a copy of the Police National Computer record of previous convictions should be attached.
- MAPPA guidance. HMPPS, 'MAPPA Guidance' (24/11/21) — "Multi-agency public protection arrangements are in place to ensure the successful management of violent and sexual offenders. This guidance sets out the responsibilities of the police, probation trusts and prison service. It also touches on how other agencies may become involved, for example the Youth Justice Board will be responsible for the care of young offenders." Superseded by HMPPS, 'MAPPA Guidance' (dated May 2022, published 1/9/22).
- MAPPA guidance. Mental Health Casework Section, 'Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) and the Restricted Patient System' (February 2021) — "This document has been created to provide information for MHCS staff and those working directly with restricted patients to outline the requirements and expectations with regard to MAPPA arrangements in conjunction with the MHCS's responsibility to discharge of the Secretary of State's functions under the Mental Health Act 1983."
- Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements Annual Report 2009/10 and Statistical tables - 'This annual publication presents the number of MAPPA eligible offenders in England and Wales, and information related to these offenders, including a summary of the information provided in the MAPPA reports published by each of the areas.'
- Scottish Government, 'Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) Annual Report 2010/11' (9/9/11)
- Scottish Government, 'Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) National Guidance 2012 Version 1 and Covering Justice and Communities Circular JD/01/2012' (12/1/12)
- Ministry of Justice, 'Annual statistics on Multi-agency public protection arrangements (MAPPA) eligible offenders' (16/3/12). Summary: 'This annual publication presents the number of MAPPA eligible offenders in England and Wales, and information related to these offenders, including a summary of the information provided in the MAPPA reports published by each of the areas.'
- MAPPA website. Extract from website: "This site provides professionals and the public with information on how sexual and violent offenders are managed in the community."
(Might be useful to replace with Internet Archive links.)
- Ministry of Justice, 'MAPPA guidance' (version 4, 2012)†
- Ministry of Justice, 'MAPPA: open and transparent for greater public protection', press release 27/10/10
- MAPPA reports - 'Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements annual reports demonstrating accountability to the communities of the 42 regions represented in England and Wales.'