30.—(1) Intrusive research carried out on, or in relation to, a person who lacks capacity to consent to it is unlawful unless it is carried out-
- (a) as part of a research project which is for the time being approved by the appropriate body for the purposes of this Act in accordance with section 31, and
- (b) in accordance with sections 32 and 33.
(2) Research is intrusive if it is of a kind that would be unlawful if it was carried out-
- (a) on or in relation to a person who had capacity to consent to it, but
- (b) without his consent.
(3) A clinical trial which is subject to the provisions of clinical trials regulations is not to be treated as research for the purposes of this section.
(4) "Appropriate body", in relation to a research project, means the person, committee or other body specified in regulations made by the appropriate authority as the appropriate body in relation to a project of the kind in question.
(5) "Clinical trials regulations" means-
- (a) the Medicines for Human Use (Clinical Trials) Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/1031) and any other regulations replacing those regulations or amending them, and
- (b) any other regulations relating to clinical trials and designated by the Secretary of State as clinical trials regulations for the purposes of this section.
(6) In this section, section 32 and section 34, "appropriate authority" means-
- (a) in relation to the carrying out of research in England, the Secretary of State, and
- (b) in relation to the carrying out of research in Wales, the National Assembly for Wales.
The Mental Capacity Act 2005 has been fully in force since 1 October 2007. For details of proposed amendments, see Mental Health Act 2007.