MCA 2005 s26
Effect of advance decisions
26.—(1) If P has made an advance decision which is-
- (a) valid, and
- (b) applicable to a treatment,
the decision has effect as if he had made it, and had had capacity to make it, at the time when the question arises whether the treatment should be carried out or continued.
(2) A person does not incur liability for carrying out or continuing the treatment unless, at the time, he is satisfied that an advance decision exists which is valid and applicable to the treatment.
(3) A person does not incur liability for the consequences of withholding or withdrawing a treatment from P if, at the time, he reasonably believes that an advance decision exists which is valid and applicable to the treatment.
(4) The court may make a declaration as to whether an advance decision-
- (a) exists;
- (b) is valid;
- (c) is applicable to a treatment.
(5) Nothing in an apparent advance decision stops a person-
- (a) providing life-sustaining treatment, or
- (b) doing any act he reasonably believes to be necessary to prevent a serious deterioration in P's condition,
while a decision as respects any relevant issue is sought from the court.
The Mental Capacity Act 2005 has been fully in force since 1 October 2007. For details of proposed amendments, see Mental Health Act 2007.