European Convention on Human Rights

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European Convention on Human Rights

ECHR section I: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 , 17 , 18

ECHR section II (Articles 19-51)

ECHR section III (Articles 52-59)

Protocols: 1, 4, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14

See The ECHR and mental health law

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms[1]

Article 1 – Obligation to respect human rights


Section I – Rights and freedoms

Article 2 – Right to life

Article 3 – Prohibition of torture

Article 4 – Prohibition of slavery and forced labour

Article 5 – Right to liberty and security

Article 6 – Right to a fair trial

Article 7 – No punishment without law

Article 8 – Right to respect for private and family life

Article 9 – Freedom of thought, conscience and religion

Article 10 – Freedom of expression

Article 11 – Freedom of assembly and association

Article 12 – Right to marry

Article 13 – Right to an effective remedy

Article 14 – Prohibition of discrimination

Article 15 – Derogation in time of emergency

Article 16 – Restrictions on political activity of aliens

Article 17 – Prohibition of abuse of rights

Article 18 – Limitation on use of restrictions on rights


Section II – European Court of Human Rights

Article 19 – Establishment of the Court

Article 20 – Number of judges

Article 21 – Criteria for office

Article 22 – Election of judges

Article 23 – Terms of office

Article 24 – Dismissal

Article 25 – Registry and legal secretaries

Article 26 – Plenary Court

Article 27 – Committees, Chambers and Grand Chamber

Article 28 – Declarations of inadmissibility by committees

Article 29 – Decisions by Chambers on admissibility and merits

Article 30 – Relinquishment of jurisdiction to the Grand Chamber

Article 31 – Powers of the Grand Chamber

Article 32 – Jurisdiction of the Court

Article 33 – Inter-State cases

Article 34 – Individual applications

Article 35 – Admissibility criteria

Article 36 – Third party intervention

Article 37 – Striking out applications

Article 38 – Examination of the case and friendly settlement proceedings

Article 39 – Finding of a friendly settlement

Article 40 – Public hearings and access to documents

Article 41 – Just satisfaction

Article 42 – Judgments of Chambers

Article 43 – Referral to the Grand Chamber

Article 44 – Final judgments

Article 45 – Reasons for judgments and decisions

Article 46 – Binding force and execution of judgments

Article 47 – Advisory opinions

Article 48 – Advisory jurisdiction of the Court

Article 49 – Reasons for advisory opinions

Article 50 – Expenditure on the Court

Article 51 – Privileges and immunities of judges


Section III – Miscellaneous provisions

Article 52 – Inquiries by the Secretary General

Article 53 – Safeguard for existing human rights

Article 54 – Powers of the Committee of Ministers

Article 55 – Exclusion of other means of dispute settlement

Article 56 – Territorial application

Article 57 – Reservations

Article 58 – Denunciation

Article 59 – Signature and ratification


Amendments

  1. As amended by Protocol No. 11. The text of the Convention had been amended according to the provisions of Protocol No. 3 (ETS No. 45), which entered into force on 21 September 1970, of Protocol No. 5 (ETS No. 55), which entered into force on 20 December 1971 and of Protocol No. 8 (ETS No. 118), which entered into force on 1 January 1990, and comprised also the text of Protocol No. 2 (ETS No. 44) which, in accordance with Article 5, paragraph 3 thereof, had been an integral part of the Convention since its entry into force on 21 September 1970. All provisions which had been amended or added by these Protocols are replaced by Protocol No. 11 (ETS No. 155), as from the date of its entry into force on 1 November 1998. As from that date, Protocol No. 9 (ETS No. 140), which entered into force on 1 October 1994, is repealed and Protocol No. 10 (ETS No. 146) has lost its purpose.

External links

ECHR text:

Fact sheets on ECHR website:

  • Mental Health
  • Detention and Mental Health
  • Prisoners’ health rights
  • Detention conditions and treatment of prisoners
  • All fact sheets